Introduction to Anatomy: Summary


Lecture 1:

Anatomy/ Physiology/Pathology

Levels of Life:

Organic/ Inorganic

—–> Composition of an Atom: Contains a Nucleus (neutral), Protons (neutral) and Electrons (negative)

—-> Molecules

  • Oxygen: The most mass contained within the body (65%)

Gross Anatomy: Studying anatomy with your eyes instead of a microscope

Organic Molecules: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen.

Inorganic: Does not contain the 4 molecules ( Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen)

Atomic: the basic unit of matter

-Contain nucleus (N)

-Proton (+)

-Electron (-)

*contains 65% Oxygen


-Inorganic molecules. Examples: Rocks

Organic Molecule (Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen)

Organic Molecules (C. H. O.N)

The beginning of life known as BIOMEGA MOLECULE: for example carbs, lipid, proteins.

Living creatures contains CELLS:

Cell: basic unit of the living creature. Cells forms tissues


1: Epithelial Tissue

2: Muscular Tissue (skeletal muscles, cardiac muscle, smooth muscles).

*Skeletal muscles are voluntary

*Cardiac muscle and smooth muscles are not voluntary (Involuntary)–continuous contractions and retractions.

Human beings are “Organisms” consisting of many systems in cooperation with each other.

Tissues forms organs such as eyes, ears, nose, brain, stomach, heart, liver

Organs turns into systems tissues such as epithelial, muscular, connective tissue, and nervous tissue.

Connective tissue: blood, lympathic vessel, bone, ligament, tendons, (adipose: fat)

Cerebral Spinal Fluid (C.S.F)

Nervous Tissue: Central Nervous System

Organs forms a system:

For Example: Digestive System:

Food–> Esophagus–>Stomach–>small Intestine–>large intestine–>rectum.

There are many systems such as the respiratory sys, digestive sys, reproductive sys, cardiovascular sys.

Cell Structure:

1: Cell membrane contains bi-layer of phospholipid, and this is because water can enter freely into the cell.

2: Cytoplasm: contains cytosol (a fluid)

3: Nucleus—DNA for duplication.

4: Organelle: subcellular structure contains mitochondria, ribosome, lysosome.

A: Mitochondria: a site to produce energy

B: Ribosome: site for the synthesis of protein.

C: Lysosome: destroys foreign bodies (I.E: viruses).


About TommyBoiZee

Our Deepest Fear is that We Are Powerful Beyond Measure Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate. Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness, that most frightens us. We ask ourselves, who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented and fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small doesn't serve the world. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It's not just in some of us; it's in everyone. And as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others. Marianne Williamson I am a boy seeking words of wisdom from those around me, seeking courage to defy me, seeking inspirations to enlighten me, seeking truth to set me free.... most importantly, I wanna be happy..
This entry was posted in Health and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s