Anatomy: Lecture 2: Anatomical Orientations/Directions/ Locations

 

Body Planes (Anatomical Directons)

 

 

1: Saggital Plane: Separates the body into the Right Side and Left Side. *Numerous planes available.

 

 

Mid Saggital: Equal/Balanced of the left and right side from the middle

 

 

2: Coronary Plane: Or Frontal plane: numerous planes available.

 

*no equal symmetry for this plane. Separates the body into the front (anterior) and back (posterior).

 

 

3: Transverse Plane: Contains superior/inferior (upper half, lower half).

 

 

Anterior/Posterior:

 

Direction: Anterior to _________, Posterior to _________

 

 

Example: The nose is anterior to my ears. The ears are posterior to the nose.

 

 

 

 

Superior ~ to Upper…

 

Inferior~ to Lower…

 

 

Superficial: Close to the skin/surface

 

 

Deep: Close to the deeper layers.

 

 

Distal: Far away from the main mass/body trunk.

 

 

Proximal: Closer to the main mass or body trunk of the trunk.

 

 

*Any structure close to the middle of the body, we call it MEDIAL: midline of the body.

 

 

Cephalic: Towards the head, similar to Superior.

 

 

Caudal: Towards the tail/back, similar to Inferior.

 

 

Ventral: Anterior

 

 

Dorsal: Posterior.

 

 

  • Example: Please perform the manual lymphatic cephalically.

 

 

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